資訊
職稱外語 新東方在線網絡課堂 > 職稱外語 > 職稱英語綜合類 > 正文

職稱英語綜合類A級閱讀題理解及答案(18)

2017-03-11 17:50:00 來源:新東方在線

  The Only Way Is Up

  Think of a modem city and the first image that come to mind is the skyline.It is full of great buildings,pointing like fingers to heaven.It is true that some cities don’t permit buildings to go above a certain height.But these are cities concerned with the past.The first thing any city does when it wants to tell the world that it has arrived is to build skyscrapers.

  When people gather together in cities,they create a demand for land.Since cities are places where money is made,that demand can be met.And the best way to make money out of city land is to put as many people as possible in a space that covers the smallest amount of ground.That means building upwards.

  The technology existed to do this as early as the 19th century.But the height of buildings was limited by one important factor.They had to be small enough for people on the top floors to climb stairs.People could not be expected to climb a mountain at the end of their journey to work,or home.

  Elisha Otis,a US inventor,was the man who brought us the lift-or elevator,as he preferred to call it.However,most of the technology is very old.Lifts work using the same pulley system the Egyptians used to create the Pyramids.What Otis did was attach the system to a steam engine and develop the elevator brake,which stops the lift falling ifthe cords that hold it up are broken.It was this that did the most to gain public confidence in the new invention1.In fact,he spent a number of years exhibiting lifts at fairgrounds,giving people the chance to try them out before selling the idea to architects and builders.

  A lift would not be a very good theme park attraction now.Going in a lift is such an everyday thing that it would just be boring.Yet psychologists and others who study human behavior find lifts fascinating.The reason is simple.Scientists have always studied animals in zoos.The nearest they can get to that with humans is in observing them in lifts2.

  “It breaks all the usual conventions about the bubble of personal space3 we carry around with us-and you just can’t choose to move away,”says workplace psychologist,Gary Fitzgibbon.Being trapped in this setting can create different types of tensions,he says.Some people are scared of them.Others use them as an opportunity to get close to the boss.Some stand close to the door.Others hide in the comers.Most people try and shrink into the background.But some behave in a way that makes others notice them.There are a few people who just stand in a comer taking notes.

  Don’t worry about them.They fire probably from a university.

  練習:

  1. “...these are cities concerned with the past”in the first paragraph refer to cities that

  A) are worried about their past.

  B) have a glorious past to be proud of.

  C) want to maintain their traditional image.

  D) are very interested in their own history.

  2. The difficulty in constructing tall buildings in the 19th century lies in

  A) the shortage of money.

  B) the lack ora device to carry people upward.

  C) backward technology.

  D) mountains taking up land space.

  3. When Otis came up with the idea of a lift,

  A) he sold it to the architects and builders immediately.

  B) the Egyptians used it to build the Pyramids.

  C) it was accepted favorably by the public.

  D) most people had doubt about its safety.

  4. Which of the tbllowing best describes the experience of going in a lift now?

  A) Fascinating.

  B) Uninteresting.

  C) Frightening.

  D) Exciting.

  5. Psychologists find the lift a good place where they can study human behaviour because

  A) here humans behave the way animals do.

  B) people in a lift are all scared.

  C) here some people take notes.

  D) in a lift the bubble of personal space breaks.

  答案與題解:

  1. C be concemed with是“關心、關注”的意思,顧可排除B和D兩個選項,根據前面一句話,these cities是指那些不允許建筑物超出一定高度的城市,即不愿意改變固有形象的城市。

  2. B 本題答案的依據在第三段。文中說早在19世紀建造高樓的技術已經存在,限制樓高的因素只有一個,那就是人們下班回家后不想像爬山那樣去爬樓梯,說明當時還沒有找到把人往高處送的辦法。

  3. D 答案在第四段,Otis發明的剎車使人們對這個新玩意兒增加了信心,他在游樂場里讓大家試乘了幾年才把這個想法出售給建筑師和營造商。

  4. B 現在電梯已經十分普通,沒有人會覺得乘電梯是件好玩的事。

  5. D 電梯的空間狹小,相對擁擠,人們想要享有私人空間的要求在這里成了幻想,就如同關在動物園的籠子里的動物一般,這為心理學家提供了一個研究在這種情況下人的行為的難得的機會。

     本文選自新東方在線論壇。

最新文章

相關文章

四級實用 ? 工具

四六級交流?下載

四級課程排行榜本周本月

四級公開課更多>>

全國大學英語四六級考試聽力重大調整解析 w 22分01秒
1 全國大學英語四六級考試聽力重大調整解析
視頻:新東方在線2015年12月四級考試綜合點評 w 24分04秒
2 視頻:新東方在線2015年12月四級考試綜合點評
視頻:新東方在線帥健翔2015年12月四級閱讀真題解析 w 25分11秒
3 視頻:新東方在線帥健翔2015年12月四級閱讀真題解析
視頻:2015年12月英語四級寫作真題解析 w 22分14秒
4 視頻:2015年12月英語四級寫作真題解析
2015年12月大學英語四級考試模考卷二 w 28分39秒
5 2015年12月大學英語四級考試模考卷二

推薦閱讀

江苏快三15点和值的号