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新概念英語第二冊第70課課文詳解及語法解析

2018-12-20 16:09:00 來源:新東方在線

  新東方在線新概念小編為大家帶來新概念英語第二冊課文詳解及語法解析一文,希望對大家的新概念英語學習有所幫助。更多精彩盡請關注新東方在線新概念英語學習網(http://nce.koolearn.com)!

  課文詳注 Further notes on the text

  1.…the drunk was unaware of the danger.……醉漢沒有意識到危險。

  While she read the book, she was unaware of the noise around her.

  她看那本書時沒有覺察到周圍的噪音。

  I was unaware that you were coming.

  我不知道你要來。

  2.it suddenly caught sight of the drunk,突然它看見了醉漢。

  catch sight of是個固定短語,意為“看見”、“發現”:

  As I came out of the shop, I caught sight of Dan in the crowd.

  當我從商店里出來時,我在人群中看到了丹。

  3.sensitive to criticism,對挑釁/批評敏感。

  sensitive表示“敏感的”、“神經過敏的”、“易生氣的”或“介意的”等,通常與to+名詞連用,也可作定語:

  Mary is sensitive to smells.

  瑪麗對氣味很敏感。

  Mary has a sensitive ear.

  瑪麗的耳朵很靈敏。

  You're too sensitive.

  你太敏感了(太容易生氣了)。

  4.The drunk, however, seemed quite sure of himself.可這醉漢像是很有把握似的。

  be/ feel sure of oneself 表示“有自信心”:

  She's always so sure of herself.

  她總是這么自信。

  5.The crowd broke into cheers…觀眾歡呼起來……

  break into 的含義之一是“突然發出/做出”、“突然……起來”,有控制不住的含義:

  On hearing the news, she broke into tears.

  聽到消息后,她大哭起來。

  When Sally saw the woman wearing a hat that looked like a lighthouse, she broke into laughter.

  當薩莉看到那婦女戴著一頂像燈塔一樣的帽子時,她大笑起來。

  6.Even the bull seemed to feel sorry for him, for it looked on sympathetically until the drunk was out of the way before once more turning its attention to the matador. 好像連牛也在為他感到遺憾,因為它一直同情地看著醉漢,直到他的背影消逝,才重新將注意力轉向斗牛士。

  這個句子很長。for引導的句子與它前面的分句為并列句。for引導的分句中有兩個時間狀語,一是until引導的從句,二是before引導的動名詞短語,其作用也相當于一個從句,由于主語也是it,用動名詞形式更簡潔些。

  (1)look on可以表示“觀看”、“旁觀”:

  Mary people just looked on while the two men robbed a woman.

  當那兩個人搶劫一位婦女時,許多人只是旁觀。

  (2)out of the way為固定短語,可以表示“不擋道”、“不礙事”:

  While making meat pies, I always order the children to keep out of the way.

  我做肉餡餅時,總是命令孩子們不要礙事。

  語法 Grammar in use

  與 for, with, of, to, at, from, in, on和 about連用的形容詞

  在第22課與第46課的語法中,我們學習了與of, from, in, on, to, at, for和with連用的動詞,知道許多動詞都有固定搭配的方式(如believe in, borrow from, occur to, account for 等)。另外,許多動詞可以與不同的介詞搭配(如 dream of/about, look at/for/after等)。與動詞的情況相似,形容詞大部分也有與自己固定搭配的介詞,并且有些形容詞也可以與不同的介詞搭配。

  (1)與 for連用的形容詞(包括eager, enough, ready, sorry, famous等):

  My aunt is famous for her beauty.

  我姑姑因貌美而馳名。

  Even the bull seemed to feel sorry for him.

  甚至連牛好像也在為他感到遺憾。

  I'm ready for the journey.

  我已做好旅行的準備。

  We have enough apples for the children.

  我們有足夠給孩子們吃的蘋果。

  They were eager for the performance to begin.

  他們熱切地等待演出開始。

  (2)與with連用的形容詞(包括angry, busy, content, popular 等):

  The bull was busy with the matador at the time.

  當時那公牛正忙于對付斗牛士。

  Why was Mary angry with you?

  瑪麗為何生你的氣?

  She wasn't content with her life.

  她對自己的生活不滿。

  Uncle Sam is always popular with children.

  薩姆叔叔總是很受孩子們的歡迎。

  (3)與of連用的形容詞(包括afraid, aware, unaware, careful, certain, kind, north, south, east, west, short, shy, sure等):

  The drunk was unaware of the danger.

  醉漢沒有意識到危險。

  Wallis Island is a long way west of Samoa.

  瓦立斯島位于薩摩亞群島以西很遠的地方。

  I used to be afraid of ghosts.

  我以前很怕鬼。

  The drunk seemed quite sure of himself.

  醉漢像是很有把握似的。

  It's very kind of you to come to the wedding.

  非常感謝您來參加婚禮。

  She is careful of her dress.

  她注意衣著。

  Are you certain of his coming?

  你確信他會來嗎?

  I was short of money at that time.

  那時我正缺錢。


[page]

  (4)與to連用的形容詞(包括close, cruel, dear, new, obvious, polite, sensitive, rude, useful, similar等):

  Most people are sensitive to criticism.

  大部分人對別人的批評很敏感。

  He was never rude to his parents.

  他對父母總是以禮相待。

  I can't understand why he was so cruel to his brother/good to that dog/polite to you.

  我無法理解他為何對他兄弟如此殘忍/對那條狗那么好/對你如此客氣。

  Though the bicycle is old, it is very dear to me.

  雖然這輛自行車破舊,但我很珍視它。

  All these words are new to me.

  所有這些單詞我都是第一次遇到。

  Our house is close to a river.

  我們家緊挨著一條河。

  It's obvious to everyone that he's lying.

  大家都清楚他在撒謊。

  These books are useful to/for foreign students.

  這些書對外國學生有用。

  My car is similar to yours.

  我的車與你的車相似。

  (5)與at連用的形容詞(包括good, bad, clever, expert, quick, slow等):

  Jane is good/bad at swimming.

  簡擅長/不擅長游泳。

  George is expert at/in flying a plane.

  喬治駕駛飛機的技術高超。

  Sally is not/very clever at mathematics, but she's clever at making dresses.

  薩莉不是很擅長數學,但她擅長做衣服。

  Tom is quick/slow at learning new things.

  湯姆學新東西學得快/慢。

  (6)與 from連用的形容詞(包括away, different, far, safe等):

  It was very different from modern car races but no less exciting.

  它雖然與現代汽車大賽不大相同,但激動人心的程度并不亞于現代汽車大賽。

  While you're away from home, I'll look after the children.

  你不在家時,我會照顧孩子的。

  The lake is far from London.

  這湖離倫敦很遠。

  The man was far from comfortable while being confined to the wooden box.

  那人被悶在木箱里時一點兒也不舒服。

  The village is safe from floods.

  這個村子沒有遭洪水襲擊的危險。

  (7)與in連用的形容詞(包括 fortunate, honest, weak等):

  You're fortunate in having a house of your own.

  你很幸運,有自己的房子。

  Frank is honest in business.

  弗蘭克做生意老實。

  I'm weak in/at chemics.

  我化學較差。

  (8)與on連用的形容詞(包括dependent, intent, keen等):

  She was keen on tennis.

  她熱衷于打網球。

  You shouldn't be so intent on making money.

  你不應當如此一心只想賺錢。

  Are you still dependent on your father?

  你還靠你父親生活嗎?

  (9)與about連用的形容詞(包括 curious, doubtful, right, uneasy 等):

  She is uneasy about her future.

  她為自己的前途擔心。

  He was curious about the strange noise.

  她對那奇怪的響聲好奇。

  I'm doubtful about/of his words.

  我對他的話懷疑。

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